To fully understand 1990ies Bosnian Genocide and in the same time Srebrenica Genocide, there is no better way but to visit Eastern Bosnia, Srebrenica and Potočari Memorial Centre, and in the same time we can not only talk about Genocide events at just one micro-location (Srebrenica), but we have to put whole Eastern Bosnia into a context of the story.
Also, tour will uncover reasons behind the breakup of Yugoslavia with detailed story of worst Genocide in Europe since WW2.
In the same time it will give answers to what Srebrenica is today, what it had been yesterday, and day before, but most of all what Srebrenica could become in a future, if denial as last phase of Genocide continues to happen.
Daily at 8 AM
After the morning pickup around 8 am, you’ll spend two and a half hours on the road towards Srebrenica, where you’ll enjoy the beautiful scenery of Eastern Bosnian mountain regions, spiced up with detailed stories and important explanations behind the reasons of “Death of Yugoslavia”.
Understanding the role of Bosnia in the storm of 90’s is crucial for better understanding of Genocide in Srebrenica.
Genocide in Srebrenica is not an event which just took place in one narrow region or one town, in fact, it is an overall story of aggression on Bosnia and Herzegovina, meaning Genocide events took place in wider area of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and especially of the region of East Bosnia, famously called Podrinje.
During your ride you will pass through several small towns and village where similar events have occurred, so chronological introduction and context is very important to fully understand the story that you’ll be exploring together that day.
The most important towns we are passing by, and which are related to the story of Srebrenica Genocide and 1990s ethnic cleansing:
As soon you arrive to Memorial Centre at Potočari, you will have a chance to participate at locally guided tour and history class at Memorial Centre with official guide. Local guide in charge is survivor of those events and person whose experiences and stories are extremely important part of the tour. Memorial Cemetery where over 6500 people, in past years have been buried, before exhumed and identified, while some over 1500 victims are still missing, will be the most striking and mind blowing part of the visit.
Other important elements of the visit will take place at former Dutchbat UN base, where you’ll get a chance to see amazing newly open (Feb 2017) Museum of “Srebrenica Genocide – failure of international community”, understand importance of Memorial Room, see number of documentary movies, study chronological photo exhibitions, get stunned by graffiti remains, learn personal stories and stories of in-base mass grave and other elements of importance related to overall story of Srebrenica Genocide.
After some three hours of visiting Potočari Memorial Centre, it’s time for a short, 6 km ride to Srebrenica town. Visiting this small, historically rich, ‘silver town’ (Bosnian for silver is ‘Srebro’) will give better insight in the meaning of the “Worlds largest concentration camp during the 90’s”.
Once in Srebrenica, it’ll be time to stop for lunch (not included in the tour price) where you will receive further elaboration about present life, as well as have a chance to explore the place on your own too.
After you are done with lunch and city explorations, it is time to head back. Expect to be in Sarajevo around 6 or latest 7 pm.
Finally today, facts are known, as what exactly happened in Srebrenica is beyond any reasonable doubt. Simply, numerous trials at ICTY have proven it, but true reasons and role of the Dutchbat UN forces at Srebrenica, and overall UN role, is still very hard to fully uncover. The mission of this tour is to clear it out.
Denial, as last phase of Genocide and ethnic cleansing in Easter Bosnia still continues.
The Srebrenica massacre, also known as the Srebrenica genocide, refers to the July 1995 killing of more than 8,000 Bosniak men and boys, as well as the ethnic cleansing of another 25,000–30,000 refugees, in and around the town of Srebrenica in Bosnia and Herzegovina, by units of the Army of Republika Srpska (VRS) under the command of General Ratko Mladić during the Bosnian War. A paramilitary unit from Serbia known as the Scorpions, officially part of the Serbian Interior Ministry until 1991, participated in the massacre. It is alleged that foreign volunteers including the Greek Volunteer Guard also participated.
In April 1993 the United Nations had declared the besieged enclave of Srebrenica in the Drina Valley of north-eastern Bosnia a “safe area” under UN protection. However in July 1995 the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR), represented on the ground by a 400-strong contingent of armed Dutch peacekeepers, failed to prevent the town’s capture by the VRS and the subsequent massacre by the Bosnian Serbs of more than 8,000 civilians and prisoners, mostly men and boys.
The Srebrenica massacre is the largest mass murder in Europe since World War II. In 2004, in a unanimous ruling on the “Prosecutor v. Krstić” case, the Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), located in The Hague, ruled that the massacre of the enclave’s male inhabitants, accompanied by the forcible transfer of all of the women, children and elderly, constituted a crime of genocide. Theodor Meron, the presiding judge, stated:
By seeking to eliminate a part of the Bosnian Muslims, the Bosnian Serb forces committed genocide. They targeted for extinction the 40,000 Bosnian Muslims living in Srebrenica, a group which was emblematic of the Bosnian Muslims in general. They stripped all the male Muslim prisoners, military and civilian, elderly and young, of their personal belongings and identification, and deliberately and methodically killed them solely on the basis of their identity.
In February 2007 the International Court of Justice (ICJ) concurred with the ICTY judgement that the atrocities committed at Srebrenica constituted a genocide, stating:
The Court concludes that the acts committed at Srebrenica falling within Article II (a) and (b) of the Convention were committed with the specific intent to destroy in part the group of the Muslims of Bosnia and Herzegovina as such; and accordingly that these were acts of genocide, committed by members of the VRS in and around Srebrenica from about 13 July 1995.
The ICJ also ruled that Serbia “has violated the obligation to prevent genocide”, and that Serbia was to cooperate fully with the ICTY including the transfer of individuals accused of genocide to the ICTY. Ratko Mladić has been accused by the ICTY but still remains at large and is suspected of hiding in Serbia or in the entity within Bosnia and Herzegovina called the Republic of Srpska.
The majority of those killed were adult men and teenage boys but the victims included boys aged under 15, men over the age of 65 and even reportedly babies. The Preliminary List of People Missing or Killed in Srebrenica compiled by the Bosnian Federal Commission of Missing Persons contains 8,373 names, some 500 of them under 18, and includes several dozen women and girls. As of March 2010, 6414 genocide victims have been identified through DNA analysis of body parts recovered from mass graves and 3,647 victims have been buried at the Memorial Centre of Potočari.
In 2005, in a message to the tenth anniversary commemoration of the genocide, the Secretary-General of the United Nations described Srebrenica as the worst crime on European soil since the Second World War, and while noting that great nations had failed to respond and that blame lay first and foremost with those who planned and carried out the massacre and those who assisted and harboured them, acknowledged that the UN itself had made serious errors of judgement and the tragedy of Srebrenica would haunt the UN’s history forever.
Serbia and Montenegro was cleared of direct responsibility for or complicity in the massacre, but was found responsible for not doing enough to prevent the massacre and not prosecuting the responsible, in breach of the Genocide Convention. The Preliminary List of People Missing or Killed in Srebrenica compiled by the Bosnian Federal Commission of Missing Persons contains 8,373 names. As of July 2012, 6,838 genocide victims have been identified through DNA analysis of body parts recovered from mass graves; as of July 2013, 6,066 victims have been buried at the Memorial Centre of Potočari. Serbian President Tomislav Nikolić officially apologized for the massacre, although he stopped short of calling it genocide.
In 2013 and 2014, the Netherlands was found liable in its own supreme court and in the Hague district court of failing in its duty to prevent more than 300 of the deaths.
On 8 July 2015, Russia, at the request of the Republika Srpska and Serbia, vetoed a UN resolution condemning the Srebrenica massacre as genocide. Serbia called the resolution “anti-Serb”, while European and U.S. governments affirmed that the crimes were genocide. On 9 July 2015, both the European Parliament (EP) and the U.S. Congress adopted resolutions reaffirming the description of the crime as genocide.
On 22 November 2017, Ratko Mladić was convicted of various crimes at the United Nations’ tribunal, including genocide for his role at Srebrenica. He was sentenced to life imprisonment, and as well for Radovan Karadžić in 2019.
ON JULY 11th EVERY YEAR Funky Tours Team IS OFFERING SREBRENICA TOUR FREE OF CHARGE FOR ANYONE WHO APPLIES. All are invited but please note, number of seats are limited.
July 11th is Memorial Day in Bosnia and Herzegovina and we are happy to contribute on this day by offering this experience to anyone interested without any costs at all. We have limited number of seats.
We believe spreading awareness of Srebrenica Genocide is way of eliminating possibility that such unfortunate event ever happens again. Thank you for your interest.
JULY 11th 2020 – PLACES AVAILABLE!!!
Harrowing, Heart-breaking, Horrific
Quite simply a life-changing experience. I feel ashamed that I knew so little of this genocide before I visited. Every child in Europe ought to be taught of the horrors of Srebrenica. I was lucky enough to have perhaps the best teacher anyone could ask for: Almir, my kind-hearted, wise, funny t̶o̶u̶r̶ ̶g̶u̶i̶d̶e̶ friend.
Thank you so much, Almir, and thank you from the bottom of my heart, Funky.
Day tour of Sebrenica-Understanding Genocide.
Very touching experience..what happened to the people of Bosnia in the Srebnica massacre is the reflection of the decadence of human civilization.
Yes, we are advanced technologically but we are still lagging morally or spiritually. A lesson for future generations not to repeated such aggression.. A must see in Bosnia.
Best tour in Bosnia
We enjoyed this tour a lot like the other tour we did with this company “Siege of Sarajevo”.
Both guides we had were amazing, we never felt rushed, they explained from personal experiences that is what we appreciate the most. The meal with the family in Srebrenica, appart from being delicious is a perfect idea to try to go deeper into what happened there and enjoy the company with locals.
We would recommend the tour to anybody.
Sarajevo Funky Tours made my trip unforgetable!
I only had a few days in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and got in touch with Sarajevo Funky Tours after having come across their website. I wanted to do some hiking and sightseeing, and had a few specifics in mind. Due to the potential for weather interfering with hiking plans, I left it to them to arrange the itinerary after having had a conversation with Ema about my wish list. I only had a few days in Bosnia and wanted to make the most of them. The staff is so friendly, accommodating, and warm!
At the top of my list was a trip to Srebrenica. Ejub was my tour guide, and was excellent; he is friendly, a good driver, and a great conversationalist with in depth knowledge of both history and contemporary sociopolitical issues in the region. The last stop on the tour was a fantastic lunch in town.
Next on my list was a hiking trip, and we ended up going to Lukomir with Elvira as our guide. She is also a great conversationalist, guided us to some beautiful viewing areas, and taught us about some of the flora and fauna. Her passion for the outdoors is wonderful, and she really made the hike a fantastic experience.
On my last day, I did the Sarajevo Siege Tour with Almir. He is also a fountain of knowledge and not only taught us both older and more recent history, but sincerely answered our questions and gave us a personal feel for the more recent history.
The only disappointing part of my trip was that I didn’t get to stay longer and spend more time in Bosnia and Herzegovina with these lovely people. I can’t thank you enough for making such a short trip so enjoyable, impactful, and unforgettable.
Thank you so much Eme, Ejub, Elvira, Almir and rest of the team at Sarajevo Funky Tours, and I hope to see you again!
Thank you Almir for this moving and informative tour to the site of the genocide at Srebenice. Also to Hassan (at Dutchbad) for giving us the opportunity to see the film of what happened, and hear more about his own experience and the aftermath for the city. I thought I knew about Srebenica, and the war, but there is nothing which could prepare visitors for the stark and shocking reality of the places where people suffered such horror. We could not have had a better guide than Almir . His commentary, driving, and choice of cafes to stop at, were great.
I hope that this beautiful country will never again suffer such horror, and the world will learn from what happened here.